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ECMO use in COVID-19: lessons from past respiratory virus outbreaks-a narrative review.
Metadata
Journalcritical care6.407Date
2020 Jun 06
5 months ago
Type
Review
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Journal Article
Volume
2020-06-06 / 24 : 301
Author
Cho HJ 1, 2, Heinsar S 3, Jeong IS 4, Shekar K 3, 5, Li Bassi G 3, 6, Jung JS 3, 7, Suen JY 3, Fraser JF 3, 5
Affiliation
  • 2. Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Children's Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. [email protected]
  • 3. Critical Care Research Group, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland and The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
  • 4. Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
  • 5. Adult Intensive Care Services, The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
  • 6. 'Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 7. Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Doi
PMIDMESH
Coronavirus Infections
Disease Outbreaks
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Humans
Pandemics
Pneumonia, Viral
Abstract
The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to grow exponentially in most countries, posing an unprecedented burden on the healthcare sector and the world economy. Previous respiratory virus outbreaks, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), pandemic H1N1 and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), have provided significant insights into preparation and provision of intensive care support including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Many patients have already been supported with ECMO during the current COVID-19 pandemic, and it is likely that many more may receive ECMO support, although, at this point, the role of ECMO in COVID-19-related cardiopulmonary failure is unclear. Here, we review the experience with the use of ECMO in the past respiratory virus outbreaks and discuss potential role for ECMO in COVID-19.
Keywords: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) Pandemic H1N1 Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
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6.4
Crit Carecritical care
Metadata
LocationEngland
FromBMC

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