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Understanding polysorbate-compound interactions within the CMC region.
Metadata
Journaljournal of chromatography a4.049Date
2020 May 13
6 months ago
Type
Journal Article
Volume
2020-Jul-19 / 1623 : 461212
Author
Waters LJ 1, Smith OEP 2, Small W 3, Mellor S 3
Affiliation
  • 2. School of Applied Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, UK.
  • 3. Croda Europe Ltd, Cowick Hall, Snaith, Goole, DN14 9A, UK.
Doi
PMIDMESH
Acetaminophen
Benzamides
Chromatography, Liquid
Hydrocortisone
Micelles
Polysorbates
Solubility
Surface-Active Agents
Abstract
Non-ionic surfactants such as polysorbates, known as Tween™ 20 and Tween™ 80, are routinely used within the healthcare and pharmaceutical industry to enhance solubility. This work focuses on analysing the two aforementioned polysorbates, each considered at three purity levels with four model compounds, across the critical micellar concentration (CMC) range for each surfactant. Such data is of interest to investigate the influence of micelle formation upon compound-polysorbate interaction. Two analytical techniques were utilised, namely spectroscopic solubility determination and micellar liquid chromatography (MLC). In all cases it was apparent that the maximum solubility for all four compounds increased substantially at concentrations greater than the CMC and that, in most cases, a different retention profile was observed using MLC once the CMC had been exceeded. This paper is the first to have used such techniques to investigate the behaviour of these polysorbates over a series of concentrations and three levels of polysorbate purity. The findings indicate that the solubilisation potential of polysorbates differs once the CMC has been surpassed and is dependent upon the level of purity selected, i.e. compound-surfactant interactions are partially a consequence of the presence of micelles rather than monomer as well as polysorbate purity. Thus, formulators should include such polysorbates at optimised concentrations and purity if they wish to maximise their solubilisation potential.
Keywords: CMC Critical micellar concentration MLC Micellar liquid chromatography Solubility Tween
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4.0
J Chromatogr Ajournal of chromatography a
Metadata
LocationNetherlands
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