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[Cervicofacial cellulitis complicated by internal jugular vein thrombosis].
Metadata
Journalannales de dermatologie et de venereologie0.498Date
2020 Jun 03
4 months ago
Type
English Abstract
Case Report
Volume
2020-Jun-03 / :
Author
Bonné E 1, Pourcelet A 2, Del Marmol V 3, Couturier B 2
Affiliation
  • 2. Service de médecine interne, université libre de Bruxelles, hôpital Erasme, route de Lennik 808, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgique.
  • 3. Service de dermatologie et vénérologie, université libre de Bruxelles, hôpital Erasme, route de Lennik 808, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgique.
Doi
PMIDMESH
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Cervicofacial cellulitis (CFC) is one of the most common dermatological infectious emergencies, and related morbidity and mortality are non-negligible.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We describe the case of a 31-year-old male with left parotitis complicated by CFC with worsening over the previous week despite treatment with clindamycin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. A cervicofacial computed tomography (CT) scan showed left internal jugular vein thrombosis (IJVT). Chest imaging showed no pleuropulmonary lesion, and bacteriological samples were negative. The patient received broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and anticoagulants for 6 weeks. The outcome was quickly favourable.
DISCUSSION: It is essential to perform a cervicofacial contrast-enhanced CT scan for any CFC to map the affected areas, detect the primary infection and screen for loco-regional complications such as IVJT. The occurrence of IJVT in an infectious setting should prompt screening for septic emboli, especially pulmonary emboli, as well as performance of a chest CT scan. The presence of septic emboli associated with a recent ENT infection and of IJVT or Fusobacteriumnecrophorum in blood cultures are indicative of Lemierre's syndrome.
CONCLUSION: IJVT is an uncommon complication of CFC that occurs either alone or as part of Lemierre's syndrome.
Keywords: Cellulite cervico-faciale Cervico-facial cellulitis Internal jugular vein thrombosis Lemierre's syndrome Syndrome de Lemierre Thrombose veineuse jugulaire interne
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Ann Dermatol Venereolannales de dermatologie et de venereologie
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LocationFrance
FromMASSON EDITEUR

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