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The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in a MERS-CoV endemic country.
Metadata
Journaljournal of infection and public health2.447Date
2020 May 29
4 months ago
Type
Journal Article
Volume
2020-Jun / 13 : 877-882
Author
Temsah MH 1, Al-Sohime F 2, Alamro N 3, Al-Eyadhy A 2, Al-Hasan K 2, Jamal A 3, Al-Maglouth I 4, Aljamaan F 5, Al Amri M 6, Barry M 7, Al-Subaie S 2, Somily AM 8
Affiliation
  • 2. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • 3. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • 4. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; College of Medicine Research Center, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
  • 5. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Adult Critical Care Department, King Saud University, King Saud University Medical City, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • 6. Department of Infectious Disease, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • 7. College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • 8. Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Saud University and King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [email protected]
Doi
PMIDMESH
Adult
Anxiety
Coronavirus Infections
Endemic Diseases
Female
Health Personnel
Hospitals, Teaching
Humans
Infection Control
Male
Middle Aged
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
Pandemics
Pneumonia, Viral
Saudi Arabia
Stress, Psychological
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tertiary Care Centers
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) has led to unprecedented psychological stress on health workers (HCWs). We aimed to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 on HCWs in comparison to the stress brought on by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) epidemic in Saudi Arabia.
METHOD: Between February 5th and 16th, 2020, 811 health-care workers (HCWs) of a tertiary care teaching hospital were invited to fill a questionnaire regarding concerns and worries about the novel coronavirus pandemic, along with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) Anxiety Severity screening tool.
RESULTS: Out of 582 HCWs who completed the survey questionnaire (response rate of 71.8%), about 40% were exposed previously to MERS-CoV infected or suspected patients during a previous hospital outbreak. While there were no COVID-19 cases reported yet in Saudi Arabia at the time of data collection, still, the anxiety level from COVID-19 was significantly higher than that from MERS-CoV or seasonal influenza: 41.1% were more worried about COVID-19, 41.4% were similarly worried about both MERS-CoV and COVID-19, and 17.5% were more stressed by the previous MERS-CoV hospital outbreak. The most frequent concern was transmitting the infection to family and friends (2.71/5) than to themselves only (2.57/5).
CONCLUSION: Pandemic and epidemic infectious diseases such as COVID-19 or MERS-CoV impose a significant level of anxiety and stress on healthcare workers who are caring of infected patients, with their main concern being the risk of transmitting the infection to their families or to acquire it themselves. Therefore, optimizing the compliance of healthcare workers with the proper infection prevention and control measures is paramount during the infectious disease outbreak, to ensure their safety, to decrease the likelihood of getting infected or transmitting the infection to others, and consequently to alleviate their psychological stress and anxiety.
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic Endemic MERS-CoV anxiety Healthcare workers
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2.4
J Infect Public Healthjournal of infection and public health
Metadata
LocationEngland
FromELSEVIER SCIENCE LONDON

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