BACKGROUND: Renal function is usually described by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The standard method used for living kidney donor evaluation in our center is the 24-hour urine creatinine clearance (CrCl) and kidney morphology assessment with computed tomography (CT). The aim of the study was the analysis of the correlation of CrCl with 15 published eGFR formulas and morphologic CT parameters to choose the most accurate kidney function estimation method before and after donation.
METHODS: The study included 39 living donors (18 male and 21 female, aged 32-69 years; mean age, 51.4 [SD, 9.7] years). The eGFR was estimated using Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 7, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease 4, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration, Mayo Clinic, Nankivell, Bjornsson, Davis-Chandler, Edward-Whyte, Walser, Gates, Hull, Jelliffe-1, Jelliffe-2, or Mawer formulas and correlated with CrCl. CT parameters (kidney dimensions, volume, vascularization) were compared with eGFR formulas.
RESULTS: The 25% to 34% (mean, 28.5% [SD, 2.3%]) decrease in eGFR after donation and its 1.5% to 5.0% (mean, 3.2% [SD, 1.0%]) increase over a year were observed. Cockcroft-Gault, Bjornsson, Hull, and Mawer equations (all including serum creatinine, age, sex, and body mass) correlated with predonation CrCl (r = 0.54, 0.53, 0.53, and 0.56, respectively; P < .001). From CT parameters, renal cortex volume correlated with CrCl (r = 0.48, P = .002) as well as the 4 abovementioned equations before donation (r = 0.65, 0.61, 0.64, and 0.74, respectively; P < .001) and during the postdonation period (12-month r = 0.59, 0.54, 0.57, and 0.70 respectively; P < .002).
CONCLUSIONS: The eGFR calculated with equations combining serum creatinine, age, sex, and body mass as well as renal cortex volume are predictive of pre- and postdonation kidney function.