OBJECTIVES: Five-lead electrocardiography (ECG) is commonly used during liver transplantation, while 3-lead ECG is used during most noncardiac operations. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of ST segment abnormality during living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) with 5-lead ECG.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who received LDLT between May 2018 and May 2019. A total of 109 adult recipients underwent LDLT, and 108 recipients were divided into 2 groups according to whether or not significant ST segment abnormality had occurred at 8 predetermined time points during the operation. ST segment change by more than 1 mm was regarded as significant.
RESULTS: Of the 108 recipients, 21 recipients (19.4%) had significant ST segment depression during the operation. No case of significant ST segment elevation was noted. The significant ST segment depression was detected mostly in lead II and V5, and with 2 in combination we could detect 95.2% of significant ST segment change. The significant ST segment depression was frequently observed 1 hour after anhepatic phase and 2 hours after reperfusion. Patient characteristics were not different between the 2 groups. Moreover, the cardiac enzyme (troponin I) measurements, measured immediately after the operation, were not different between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Although significant ST segment change was frequently observed during LDLT, more studies are required to determine the clinical significance of 5-lead ECG ST segment abnormality during LDLT.