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Detection and genotyping of Giardia duodenalis from cattle and pigs in Hualien country, Eastern Taiwan.
Metadata
Journaljournal of microbiology immunology and infection3.493Date
2020 May 28
4 months ago
Type
Journal Article
Volume
2020-May-28 / :
Author
Lam HYP 1, Chen TT 2, Tseng YC 3, Chang KC 4, Yang TH 4, Peng SY 5
Affiliation
  • 2. Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 97004, Taiwan.
  • 3. Department of Laboratory Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, No. 2 Yu-Der Rd, North District, Taichung, 40447, Taiwan.
  • 4. Institute of Laboratory Medicine and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 97004, Taiwan.
  • 5. Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 97004, Taiwan; Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, 97004, Taiwan. Electronic address: [email protected]
Doi
PMIDMESH
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Giardia duodenalis is a zoonotic protozoan parasite causing diarrhea through waterborne or fecal-oral infection. The cysts can live in the drinking water and cause pandemic diseases. In Taiwan, very little information is available regarding the epidemiology of G. duodenalis in domestic animals.
METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from cattle (n = 156) and pigs (n = 141) in Hualien country, eastern Taiwan. Detection and genotyping were done by microscopy examination of fecal samples and amplification of the β-giardin gene using nested PCR.
RESULTS: The prevalence of G. duodenalis infection was 19.87% for cattle (31/156) and 4.26% for pigs (6/141). Using nested PCR, 30 infected samples found in cattle belonged to Assemblage E, and one sample belonged to Assemblage D. For pigs, four samples belonged to Assemblage E, one belonged to Assemblage D, and another one belonged to Assemblage A. In addition, these results showed that G. duodenalis Assemblage A was detected in pigs and may cause zoonotic transmission.
CONCLUSION: This is the first epidemiological investigation of G. duodenalis infection in animals in Hualien, Taiwan. These results could provide epidemiological information for disease control and public health protection.
Keywords: Cattle Genotyping Giardia duodenalis Pig
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3.5
J Microbiol Immunol Infectjournal of microbiology immunology and infection
Metadata
LocationEngland
FromELSEVIER TAIWAN

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