BACKGROUND: Reliable prediction of progression patterns and failure sites for patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma is valuable for physicians to deliver personalized tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 266 patients who had stage IV lung adenocarcinoma and received first-line TKI treatment from 2013 to 2017 in Shanghai Chest Hospital. The clinical characteristics at initial diagnosis, progression patterns, and failure sites were analyzed with the attempt to identify some predictive factors for progression patterns and failure sites.
RESULTS: Among all patients, 62.4% developed systemic progression, and 37.6% developed oligoprogression. Both cohorts had a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 9 months. The percentage of patients who developed original and distant failure was 39.1% and 60.9%, respectively. Patients with oligometastasis at initial diagnosis were more prone to develop oligoprogression (odds ratio [OR], 4.370; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.881-10.151; P = .001), whereas pulmonary metastasis was negatively correlated with oligoprogression (OR, 0.567; 95% CI, 0.330-0.974; P = .04). Both oligometastasis diagnosis (OR, 2.959; 95% CI, 1.347-6.500; P = .007) and the maximum diameter of the primary lung lesion (threshold 3.25 cm: OR, 3.646; 95% CI, 2.041-6.515; P = .0001) were strong predictive factors for original failures. Osseous metastasis at initial diagnosis might be an indication for distant failure (OR, 0.536; 95% CI, 0.316-0.909; P = .021).
CONCLUSION: Over one-half of patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma receiving first-line TKI treatment developed systemic progression and distant failure. Metastasis patterns at initial diagnosis was the most important predictive factor for progression patterns and failure sites. The maximum diameter of the primary lung lesion and evidence of osseous metastasis were also found to be significant indicative factors for failure sites.
Keywords: EGFR mutations Failure Site Non–small-cell lung cancer Progression pattern TKI treatment