This study examined the possible involvement of Ca2+-sensing receptor (CaSR) in nitric oxide (NO) production in human vascular endothelial cells. Extracellular Ca2+ elevated the intracellular Ca2+ concentration, the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation level, and NO release from the cells. These responses were inhibited by a CaSR antagonist and a Gq/11 protein inhibitor. Application of an endothelial cell suspension induced vasorelaxation in isolated rat thoracic aorta precontracted by phenylephrine. Adding an NO scavenger to the organ bath abolished this vasorelaxation response. These results suggest that extracellular Ca2+ promotes NO generation via CaSR- and Gq/11 protein-mediated eNOS activation.
Keywords: Ca(2+)-sensing receptor Endothelial nitric oxide synthase Extracellular Ca(2+)