Cholangiocarcinoma, which is the most common invasive malignant tumor of the biliary tract, has poor prognosis. There is evidence suggesting that hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) plays an important role in cholangiocarcinoma. Also, microRNA-612 (miR-612) is another key regulator of cholangiocarcinoma. In this study, we investigate the scantly documented interaction of HIF1α and miR-612 in cholangiocarcinoma. We first undertook microarray-based cholangiocarcinoma gene expression profiles to screen out the differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and genes. We used reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction to detect the expression of HIF1α in normal bile duct and cholangiocarcinoma tissues, and in corresponding cells lines. Cell counting kit 8, scratch, and Transwell assays were used to detect the proliferation, migration and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma cells. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. ChIP, dual luciferase reporter gene assay, RNA pull-down, and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to verify relationship between HIF1α and lncRNA H19, and lncRNA H19 and miR-612. We also monitored tumor formation in nude mice to verify the effect of HIF1α on cholangiocarcinoma. HIF1α expression was elevated in cholangiocarcinoma tissues and cells. Silencing HIF1α reduced proliferation, migration, and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma cells. HIF1α transcriptionally activated the expression of lncRNA H19. Overexpression of miR-612 could rescue the proliferation, migration and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma cells caused by lncRNA H19 overexpression. Taken together, HIF1α activated lncRNA H19-mediated miR-612/Bcl-2 pathway to promote cholangiocarcinoma, suggesting a promising therapeutic target for cholangiocarcinoma.