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Formation of transient complexes in the glutamate dehydrogenase catalyzed reaction.
Metadata
Journalbiochemistry2.865Date
1975-Nov-18
Publication Type
Journal Article
Volume
1975-Nov-18 / 14 : 5094-8
Author
Sanner T
DoiPMIDMESH
Adenosine Diphosphate
Animals
Binding Sites
Cattle
Glutamate Dehydrogenase
Glutamates
Guanosine Triphosphate
Kinetics
Liver
NAD
NADP
Protein Binding
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
Time Factors
Abstract
The reaction of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamate (gl) with NAD+ and NADP+ has been studied with stopped-flow techniques. The enzyme was in all experiments present in excess of the coenzyme. The results indicate that the ternary complex (E-NAD(P)H-kg) is present as an intermediate in the formation of the stable complex (E-NAD(P)H-gl). The identification of the complexes is based on their absorption spectra. The binding of the coenzyme to (E-gl) is the rate-limiting step in the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-kg) while the dissociation of alpha-ketoglutarate (kg) from this complex is the rate-limiting step in the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-gl). The Km for glutamate was 20-25 mM in the first reaction and 3 mM in the formation of the stable complex. The Km values were independent of the coenzyme. The reaction rates with NAD+ were approximately 50% greater than those with NADP+. Furthermore, high glutamate concentration inhibited the formation of (E-NADH-kg) while no substrate inhibition was found with NADP+ as coenzyme. ADP enhanced while GTP reduced the rate of (E-NAD(P)H-gl) formation. The rate of formation of (E-NAD(P)H-kg) was inhibited by ADP, while it increased at high glutamate concentration when small amounts of GTP were added. The results show that the higher activity found with NAD+ compared to NADP+ under steady-state assay conditions do not necessarily involve binding of NAD+ to the ADP activating site of the enzyme. Moreover, the substrate inhibition found at high glutamate concentration under steady-state assay condition is not due to the formation of (E-NAD(P)H-gl) as this complex is formed with Km of 3 mM glutamate, and the substrate inhibition is only significant at 20-30 times this concentration.
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2.9
Biochemistrybiochemistry
Metadata
LocationUnited States
FromAMER CHEMICAL SOC

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