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Pyrite oxidation by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans with special reference to the sulphur moiety of the mineral.
Metadata
Journalantonie van leeuwenhoek international journal of general and molecular microbiology2.674Date
1979
Type
Journal Article
Volume
1979 / 45 : 423-35
Author
Arkesteyn GJ
DoiPMIDMESH
Azides
Carbon Dioxide
Cytochromes
Energy Metabolism
Ethylmaleimide
Ferrous Compounds
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Iron
Sulfides
Sulfur
Thiobacillus
Abstract
Available cultures of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans were found to be contaminated with bacteria very similar to Thiobacillus acidophilus. The experiments described were performed with a homogeneous culture of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. Pyrite (FeS2) was oxidized by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans grown on iron (Fe2+), elemental sulphur (S0) or FeS2. Evidence for the direct utilization of the sulphur moiety of pyrite by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was derived from the following observations: a. Known inhibitors of Fe2+ and S0 oxidation, NaN3 and NEM, respectively, partially abolished FeS2 oxidation. b. A b-type cytochrome was detectable in FeS2- and S0-grown cells but not in Fe2+-grown cells. c. FeS2 and S0 reduced b-type cytochromes in whole cells grown on S0. d. CO2 fixation at pH 4.0 per mole of oxygen consumed was the highest with S0, lowest with Fe2+ and medium with FeS2 as substrate. e. Bacterial Fe2+ oxidation was found to be negligible at pH 5.0 whereas both FeS2 and S0 oxidation was still appreciable above this pH. f. Separation of pyrite and bacteria by means of a dialysis bag caused a pronounced drop of the oxidation rate which was similar to the reduction of pyrite oxidation by NEM; indirect oxidation of the sulphur moiety by Fe3+ was not affected by separation of pyrite and bacteria. Bacterial oxidation and utilization of the sulphur moiety of pyrite were relatively more important with increasing pH.
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Antonie Van Leeuwenhoekantonie van leeuwenhoek international journal of general and molecular microbiology
Metadata
LocationNetherlands
FromSPRINGER

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