1. Alanine aminopeptidase activity and autolysis increase concomitantly in tail tissue of Rana catesbeiana tadpoles during metamorphosis. 2. significant increases first appear at Taylor and Kollros state XX and coincide with the beginning of tail regression as determined by the tail wt body wt ration. 3. The results suggest a role of alanine aminopeptidase in the mechanism of tail resorption.